In the plays of ancient India, such as those of Kalidasa, one finds descriptions of fantastical personalities and events.

However, not many of these plays relied on there being extensive usage of special effects or props on the stage.

Instead, the audience was intended to use their imagination as the actors acted out such scenes and provided beautiful descriptions of the situations in verse.

Regal times

The English word “royal” and the Sanskrit word “Raja” are derived from the same root meaning to lead. It is interesting to note that for thousands of years, humanity had chosen to live under the rule of kings.

Republics were not unheard of. In ancient India, Greece and Rome, republics ruled by bodies of citizens existed. However, two thousand years ago, these gave way to empires.

The careful cultivation of culture and traditions was a common feature of most monarchies. The evidence for these are the remaining magnificent works of architecture, literature, music, painting etc from the past centuries.

In the last century, however, the democratic form of rule has become most common all across the world. This has led to the ancient democracies suddenly going up in prestige. It appears that the emphasis on cultural flourishing has also gone down significantly in most places. It would be interesting to observe what shape society takes as we head into the future.