In the classic Sanskrit play, Shakuntala, poet Kalidasa achieved one of the peaks of human achievement.

The play is structured from beginning to end in symmetry. As a whole, it is harmonious.

One observes such minute details such as how the stem of a flower appears when plucked. This serves as a plot device to help the lovelorn King Dushyanta to locate Shakuntala, the object of his desire.


In the plays of ancient India, such as those of Kalidasa, one finds descriptions of fantastical personalities and events.

However, not many of these plays relied on there being extensive usage of special effects or props on the stage.

Instead, the audience was intended to use their imagination as the actors acted out such scenes and provided beautiful descriptions of the situations in verse.

Literary greatness

In the history of literature, there have been a few achievements which deserve special notice.

The works of William Shakespeare for example are acknowledged as an ideal.

In Sanskrit, the works of Kalidasa are similarly significant. His play, Shakuntala, is acknowledged as a world classic.

In this work, Kalidasa displays the best elements of the Sanskrit drama tradition. It is said that it is so well crafted that not even a word appears out of place.